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||Good Manufacturing Practices
The manufacturing plant should
have adequate space for:-
Manufacturing process Areas
1.1(A) Location and surroundings:
The factory buildings for manufacture of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicines shall be so situated and shall have such construction as to avoid contamination from open sewrage, drain, public lavatory or any factory which produces disagreeable or obnoxious odour or fumes or excessive soot, dust or smoke.
The building used for factory shall be such as to permit production of drugs under hygenic conditions and should be free from cobwebs and insects/rodents. It should have adequate provision of light and ventilation. The floor and the walls should not be damp or moist. The premises used for manufacturing, processing, packaging and labeling will be in conformity with the provisions of the Factory Act. It shall be located so as to be:
(I) Compatible with other manufacturing operations that may be carried out in the same or adjacent premises.
(II) Adequately provided with working space to allow orderly and logical placement of equipment and materials to avoid the risk of mix up between different drugs or components thereof and control the possibility of cross contamination by other drugs or substances and avoid the risk of omission of any manufacturing or control step:
(III) Designed, constructed and maintained to prevent entry of insects and rodents. Interior surface (walls, floors and ceilings) shall be smooth and free from cracks and permit easy cleaning and disinfection. The walls of the room in which the manufacturing operations are carried out shall be impervious to and be capable of being kept clean. The flooring shall be smooth and even and shall be such as not to permit retention or accumulation of dust or waste products.
(IV) Provided with proper drainage system in the processing area. The sanitary fitting and electrical fixtures in the manufacturing area shall be proper and safe.
(V) Furnace/Bhatti section could be covered with tin roof & proper ventilation, but sufficient care should be taken to prevent flies and dust.
(VI) There should be fire safety measures and proper exits should be there.
1.1(C) Water Supply:
The water used in manufacture shall be pure and of potable quality. Adequate provision of water for washing the premises shall be made.
1.1(D) Disposal of Waste:
From the manufacturing sections and laboratories the waste water & the residues which might be prejudicial to the workers or public health shall be disposed off after suitable treatment as per guidelines of pollution control authorities to render them harmless.
1.1(E) Container’s Cleaning:
In factories where operations involving the use of containers such as bottles, vials and jars are conducted, there shall be adequate arrangements separated from the manufacturing operations for washing, cleaning and drying of such containers.
Storage should have proper ventilation and shall be free from dampness. It should provide independent adequate space for storage of different types of material, such as raw material, packaging material & finished products.
1.1(F)(A) Raw Materials:
All raw materials procured for manufacturing will be stored in the raw materials store. The manufacture based on the experience and the characteristics of the particular raw material used in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani system shall decide the use of appropriate containers which would protect quality of the raw material as well as prevent it from damage due to dampness, microbiological contamination or rodent and insect infestation, etc. If certain raw materials require such controlled environmental conditions, the raw materials stores may be sub-divided with proper enclosures to provide such conditions by suitable cabinization. While designing such containers, cabins or areas in the raw materials store, care may be taken to handle the following different categories of raw material:-
Raw material of metallic
All the raw materials shall be sampled and got tested either by the in house Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani experts (Quality control technical person) or by the laboratories approved by the Government and shall be used only on approval after verifying. The rejected raw material should be removed from other raw material store and should be kept in separate room. Procedure of `First in first out should be adopted for raw materials wherever necessary. Records of the receipt, testing and approval or rejection and use of raw material shall be maintained.
1.1(F)(B) Packaging Materials:
All packaging materials such as bottles, jars, capsules etc. shall be stored properly. All containers and closure shall be adequately cleaned and dried before packing the products.
1.1(F)(C) Finished Goods Stores:
The finished goods transferred
from the production area after proper packaging shall be stored in the
finished goods stores within an area marked "Quarantine". After the quality
control laboratory and the experts have checked the correctness of finished
goods with reference to its packing/labeling as well as the finished product
quality as prescribed, then it will be moved to "Approved Finished Goods
Stock" area. Only approved finished goods shall be dispatched as per marketing
requirements. Distribution records shall be maintained as required.
1.1.(G) Working space:
The manufacturing area shall provide adequate space (manufacture and quality control) for orderly placement of equipment and material used in any of the operations for which these are employed so as to facilitate easy and safe working and to minimize or to eliminate any risk of mix-up between different drugs, raw materials and to prevent the possibility of cross contamination of one drug by another drug that is manufactured, stored or handled in the same premises.
1.1(H) Health Clothing, Sanitation and Hygiene of Workers:
All workers employed in the Factory shall be free from contagious diseases. The clothing of the workers shall consist of proper uniform suitable to the nature of work and the climate and shall be clean. The uniform shall also include cloth or synthetic covering for hands, feet and head wherever required. Adequate facilities for personal cleanliness such as clean towels, soap and scrubbing brushes shall be provided. Separate provision shall be made for lavatories to be used by men and women, and such lavatories shall be located at places separated from the processing rooms. Workers will also be provided facilities for changing their clothes and to keep their personal belongings.
1.1(I) Medical Services:
The Manufacturer shall also
For carrying out manufacturing depending on the size of operation and the nature of product manufactured, suitable equipment either manually operated or operated semi-automatically (Electrical or steam based) or fully automatic machinery shall be made available. These may include machines for use in the process of manufacture such as crushing, grinding, powdering, boiling, mashing, burning, roasting, filtering, drying filling, labeling and packing etc. To ensure ease in movement of workers and orderliness in operations a suitably adequate space will be ensured between two machines or rows of machines. These Equipments have to be properly installed and maintained with proper cleaning. Proper standard operational procedures (SOPs) for cleaning, maintaining & performance of every machine should be laid down.
1.1(K) Batch Manufacturing Records:
The licencee shall maintain batch manufacturing record of each batch of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drugs manufactured irrespective of the type of product manufactured (classical preparation or patent and proprietary medicines). Manufacturing records are required to provide an account of the list of raw materials and their quantities obtained from the store, tests conducted during the various stages of manufacture like taste, colour, physical characteristics and chemical tests as may be necessary or indicated in the approved books of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani mentioned in the First Schedule of the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 (23 of 1940). These tests may include any in-house or pharmacopoeial test adopted by the manufacturer in the raw material or in the process material and in the finished product. These records shall be duly signed by Production and Quality Control Personnel respectively. Details of transfer of manufactured drug to the finished products store including dates and quantity of drugs transferred along with record of testing of the finished product, if any, and packaging, records shall be maintained. Only after the manufactured drugs have been verified and accepted quality shall be allowed to be cleared for sale.It should be essential to maintain the record of date, manpower, machine and equipments used and to keep in process record of various shodhana, Bhavana, burning in fire and specific grindings in terms of internal use.
1.1(L) Distribution Records:
Records of sale and distribution of each batch of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Drugs shall be maintained in order to facilitate prompt and complete recall of the batch, if necessary.
1.1(M) Record of Market Complaints:
Manufacturers shall maintain a register to record all reports of market complaints received regarding the products sold in the market. The manufacturer shall enter all data received on such market complaints, investigations carried out by the manufacturers regarding the complaint as well as any corrective action initiated to prevent recurrence of such market complaints shall also be recorded. Once in a period of six months the manufacturer shall submit the record of such complaints to the licensing authority. The Register shall also be available for inspection during any inspection of the premises.Reports of any adverse reaction resulting from the use of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drugs shall also be maintained in a separate register by each manufacturer. The manufacturer shall investigate any of the adverse reaction to find if the same is due to any defect in the product, and whether such reactions are already reported in the literature or it is a new observation.
1.1(N) Quality Control:
Every licensee is required to provide facility for quality control section in his own premises or through Government approved testing laboratory. The test shall be as per the Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani pharmacopoeial standard. Where the tests are not available, the test should be performed according to the manufacturers specification or other information available. The quality control section shall verify all the raw materials, monitor in process, quality checks and control the quality of finished product being released to finished goods store/ware house. Preferably for such Quality control there will be a separate expert. The quality control section shall have the following facilities:
There should be 150 sq. feet
area for quality control section.
(A) Manufacturing Areas:
For the manufacture of sterile
Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha drugs, separate enclosed areas specifically
designed for the purpose shall be provided. These areas shall be provided
with air locks for entry and shall be essentially dust free and ventilated
with an air supply. For all areas where aseptic manufacture has to be carried
out, air supply shall be filtered through bacteria retaining filters (HEPA
Filters) and shall be at a pressure higher than in the adjacent areas.
The filters shall be checked for performance on installation and periodically
thereafter the record of checks shall be maintained. All the surfaces in
sterile manufacturing areas shall be designed to facilitate cleaning and
disinfection. For sterile manufacturing routine microbial counts of all
Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drug manufacturing areas shall be carried out
during operations. Results of such count shall be checked against established
in-house standards and record maintained.
(B) Precautions against contamination and mix:
Carrying out manufacturing
operations in a separate block of adequately isolated building or operating
in an isolated enclosure within the building.
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|7.Boswellia Serrata||8.Calamus||9.Cassia Angustifolia||10.Cassia Fistula||11.Cassia Tora||12.Centella Asiatica|
|13.Datura Stramonium||14.Hyocyamus Niger||15.Emblica Officinalis||16.Ephedra Vulgaris||17.Guggul||18.Gymnema Sylvestre|
|19.Hedychium||20.Henna||21.Liquorice||22.Moringa Oleifera||23.Mucuna Pruriens||24.Papaver Somniferum|
|25.Pudina||26.Psyllium Husk||27.Pterocarpus Marsupium||28.Punica Granatum||29.Quince||30.Rhubarb|
|31.Safed Musli||32.Sarsaparilla||33.Syzygium Cumini||34.Juglans Regia||35.Terminalia Arjuna||36.Terminalia Belerica|
|37.Terminalia Chebula||38.Tinospora Cordifolia||39.Tribulus Terrestris||40.Valeriana Wallichii||41.Vinca Rosea||42.Zingiber Officinalis|
( The Trade Marks Act, 1999, No. 01403083. User Since : 01/04/1997 )