In 1290 Jalaluddin Khilji
attacked Ranthambhore but was repulsed.
In 1298 A.D Hammir gave
refuge to Muhammed Shah, A Rebel Against Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of
Delhi. Allaudin's general Ulugh Khan sent an envoy to Hammir demanding
the death of Muhammed Shah but Hammir declined saying he could not harm
anyone who had sought shelter with him even though the Turks might come
from all directions. Allaudin Khilji ordered the fort to be besieged from
all sides. Hammir fought valiantly.
Ultimately Allauddin Khilji
himself marched to Ranthambhore. In spite of all the strategies adopted
by him the fort withstood. However soon the fort started feeling the pinch
of the siege. Famine in the fort was acute. However Rao Hammir refused
to compromise. At this stage treachery raised its heads in the form of
Hammirs generals Ratipal and Ranamall.
Allauddin Khilji enticed
Ratipal by promising him the Kingdom of Ranthambhore if he helped him in
capturing the fort. Ultimately Hammir opted for the fight unto Death.
Thousand of ladies in
the fort performed “Jauhar” by jumping into fire and the men rushed out
of the fort to fight unto death. Hammir and his loyal generals were killed
in the battle and Khilji took over the fort in July 1301 A.D
Hammir was a bold loyal
and self sacrificing ruler. His tenacity to stick to his words is legendary
and till date he has a special place in the hearts of the people of this
Khilji made one of his
generals in charge of the area and returned to Delhi. After Khilji the
fort once again passed on to the Rajput rulers. When Babbar came to India
Ranthambhore was under the rule of Vikramjeet. Vikramjeet accepted Babbars
power and paid tribute.
Ranakhumba captured the
fort in the mid 15th century and later handed it over to his son after
whom the Hada Rajputs of Bundi took over Ranthambhore once again before
Akbar invaded and won it in 1569.
These and later wars must
surely have ravaged the area. In the 19th century Ranthambhore became a
prison fortress where they executed prisoners by hurling them down the
fort walls after stuffing them with opium.
The fort then reverted
to the Maharaja of Jaipur and the surrounding Jungle became private hunting
Today, overrun by vegetation
the scattered remains of the chattris, summer palaces, and crumbling guard
posts can still be seen – reminders of a historic past set within a Wild
Today the entrance to
the area protects a treasure of greater value, one of the finest habitats
in the world for the TIGER
Rana Hammir was a 14th
century ruler of Mewar in present-day Rajasthan, India. Following an invasion
by the Delhi sultanate at the turn of the 13th century, the ruling Guhilot
clan had been displaced from Mewar. Hammir, who belonged to an impoverished
cadet branch of that clan, regained control of the region, re-established
the dynasty, and became the first of his dynasty to use the royal title
'Rana'. Hammir also became the progenitor of the Sisodia clan, a branch
of the Guhilot clan, to which every succeeding Maharana of Mewar has belonged