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|The expansion in the number of students
age group 10-14 and growing in 14-18 was an international and social demand
in Hungary. The expansion of the role of the state created new situation
for the other owners of the schools the churches and municipalities. Up
to then a separated "elementary school policy" and a "secondary school
policy" "vocational school policy" existed - the new situation demanded
a united "policy of education".
The author described the process, how the educational administration reform happened in 1935. In the new system the supervisor of elementary schools (and all of administrators) were supervised by the main-directors. The power of supervisors and the county level, the municipal level became weaker - the office of main directors - appointed by the government became very strong. The control of school became effective - perhaps more effective then any other sphere of public life.
The integration of school types happened in 1945, when the new government forced the secondary schools, the burgerschools and the elementary schools to create a general school. In its original form the general school was a kind of comprehensive school. Later after 1947 it became a unified school.
The integration of the school-maintenance,
the nationalisation of the church schools was a real demand of the educational
administration since 1945. The author stresses: not only the communist
policy, but the inner logic of the educational administration and the creating
of general schools lead to the nationalisation - the Communists only gave
a "permission" in 1948.
University of Veszprém