The grounds vary
in size. Most grounds on which official matches
are played measure
about 137 metres wide and 150 metres long.
The wickets are
22 yards (20.12 metres) apart in the centre of the field.
They stand opposite
and parallel to each other.
The area between
the wickets is called the pitch.
Each wicket measures
9 inches (22.9) centimetres wide.
The stumps of each
wicket are close enough together so the
ball cannot pass
between any two of them.
The tops of the
stumps stand 28 inches (71.1 centimetres) above the ground.
The bails are 43/8
inches (11.1 centimetres long) and rest in
grooves on the tops
of the stumps. The bails do not rise more
than 1/2 inch (13
millimetres) above the stumps.
White lines made
by chalk or lime mark certain boundaries called creases.
A line called the
bowling crease is drawn through the stumps of
each wicket. It
is 8 feet 8 inches (2.64 metres) long,
with the middle
stump of the wicket at its centre.
A line called the
popping crease is marked 4 feet (1.22) metres
in front of the
bowling crease. The popping crease extends
at least 6 feet
(1.83 metres) on either side of the centre of the
wicket but is considered
to be unlimited in length.
Lines called return
creases are marked from each end
of the bowling crease.
The return creases extend forward to
the popping crease
and back at least 4 feet (1.22 metres)
behind the bowling
crease. However, the return creases
are considered to
be unlimited in length. The bowler must
deliver the ball
with some part of the front foot behind the popping crease.
The back foot must
be between the return creases
In general there
are 6 different types of cricket-pitches:-
1. THE GOOD WICKET
This is good for
scoring runs as neither the spin nor seam bowlers are able to make the
ball bounce surprisingly.
2. THE FAIR WICKET:
Allows both spin
and seam bowlers to achieve a degree
of movement, but
at even pace and height
3. THE SPORTING WICKET:
from a period of drought with dry,
hard soil under
the grass. Fast bowling can be lethal on this wicket.
4. THE GREEN WICKET:
Is generally created
by a moist atmosphere, and is usually
wicket allows medium to fast seam
in contradiction to the swing.
5. THE CRUMBLING
Also results from
dry weather and lack of grass to bind it.
Spinners and medium-paced
cutters do well under such circumstances.
6. THE ROUGH WICKET:
Does not give batsman
a fair chance as the ball does not bounce truly