The building traditions
of the Indian subcontinent date back to at least the 2nd milennium BC.lndia
has traditionally been primarily religious. The earliest Indian building
where Buddhist and Hindu tamples made of wood and then brick. By the 4th
century BC, stone had become populer, and successive cultures acqired great
skill in carving amd construction. Large stupas where built, along with
cave tample and monasteries carved out of solid rock.
The Gupta period (4th-6th
century AD) saw the rapid development of tample architecture, often decorated
with bands of elaborate carving. Northen India's most characteristic structure,
a tample with a heavily decorated tower, reched its stylistic height in
th 7th-11 th century. The extension of Islam into India in the 11 th-12th
century introduced typical Musli(l1 architectural forms (e.g. the dome
and pointed arch) and decoration. Such maserworks as the Taj Mahal resulted
from the rule ofthe Muslim dynastry in the 16th-18th century. European
colonization and British rule introduced European style.
Only Natural colours have
been used in painting the murals at Orchha. The pigment that been most
widely used are red, orange, golden, yellow, green, white, brown and black.
Elaborate preparation of the surface seems to have been done before the
actual painting. Lime and shell powder were used for binding the surface
wall, which was used for binding the surface wall, which was subsequently
polished. The painting surface is about two to four mm thick and natural
colours lend a vibrant touch.
Orchha (25°20' N;
A Village of Prithvipur
Tahsil, Orchha is situated on the Betwa river at a distance of about 13
km. from tahsil headquarters. It is 15km. from Jhansi (U.P.) Orchha is
linked by rail on Jhansi-Manikpur section of the Central Railway.
Orchha was the capital
town of the State. It was founded by Maharaja Rudra Pratap in 1531 A.D.
In 1783, Maharaja Vikramjit removed the capital to Tikamgarh since then
Orchha has rapidly fallen in to decay. The name Orchha of Ondchha is traditionally
derived from the scoffing remark of a Raiput chief who on visiting the
site selected for the capital town. On an island in the Betwa which has
been surrounded by a battlementel wall, now sadly dilapidated and approached
by a causeway over a fine bridge of fourteen arches, stands a huge palace
fort mainly the work of Maharaja BirSingh Dev. It consists of several,
connected buildings constructed at different times. The finest of these
are the Raj Mandir and Jahangir Mahal.
The river Betwa here breaks
though seven channel called the Satdhara, of which the origin is poetically
ascribed to seven of the Orchha Chief in honour of whose achivements they
are supposed to have started flowing - (The first channel was caused to
flow by Diman Arjun, the second by he who slow the Mughals, the third by
Pratap Rudra, the fourth by Bharti Chand, the fifth by Pancham, the , sixth
by Madhur(kar) Shah and the last by Rai Dulha) .
Orchha is Famous religious
centre of Hindus. It is known for its religious and cultural harritage.
Travel within city
Orchha is a famous tourist
destination in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Located in the banks of the
River Betwa, Orchha is a touristís delight as this quaint old town has
a lot of places of general interest. You can opt for buses, auto rickshaws
and taxis while travelling to Orchha. These are the various modes of local
travel available in the town.
Buses in Orchha normally
run from 6 in the morning till 11 at night and these are the most preferred
mode of travel in the town of Orchha. You can opt for bus travel as this
is the cheapest mode of travel available in Orccha. Bus fares in Orchha
normally range between Rs 3 to 6 and the fares depend on the distance covered.
Auto rickshaws in the
town of Orchha do not run on meter and drivers may demand a flat rate while
dropping you off at your destination. Bargaining for a better price is
advisable, and this should be done before you board on auto rickshaw. Auto
rickshaw fares will roughly cost you around 10 INR for every kilometer.
Taxis in Orchha are available
in all the major regions in the city, including the bus stand. You can
opt for a taxi and a ride will cost you around Rs 100-150 from one point
to another in the town.