INDIA is one of the oldest civilisations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved multifaceted socio-economic progress during the last 58 years of its Independence. India has become self-sufficient in agricultural production, and is now the tenth industrialised country in the world and the sixth nation to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of the people. It covers an area of 32,87,263 sq km, extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. As the seventh largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.
Lying entirely in the northern hemisphere, the mainland extends between latitudes 8°4' and 37°6' north, longitudes 68°7' and 97°25' east, and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between the extreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to west between the extreme longitudes. It has a land frontier of about 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km.
In a country as diverse and complex as India, it is not surprising to find that people here reflect the rich glories of the past, the culture, traditions and values relative to geographic locations and the numerous distinctive manners, habits and food that will always remain truly Indian. According to five thousand years of recorded history.
Indian Economy: An Overview:
India's economy is on the fulcrum of an ever increasing growth curve. With positive indicators such as a stable 8 per cent annual growth, rising foreign exchange reserves of close to US$ 166 billion, a booming capital market with the popular "Sensex" index topping the majestic 13,000 mark, the Government estimating FDI flow of US$ 12 billion in this fiscal, and a more than 22 per cent surge in exports, it is easy to understand why India is a leading destination for foreign investment.
• The economy has grown by 8.9 per cent for the April-July quarter of ’06-07, the highest first-quarter growth rate since '00-01.
• The growth rate has been spurred by the manufacturing sector, which has logged an 11.3 per cent rise in Q1 ’06-07, according to the GDP data released by the Central Statistical Organisation. It was 10.7 per cent in the corresponding period of the last fiscal year. The GDP numbers come just weeks after the monthly IIP growth figures have touched 12.4 per cent.
• Agriculture, which accounts for nearly a quarter of the GDP, has also grown by a healthy 3.4 per cent, unchanged from the corresponding period of last fiscal.
• Other propellers of GDP growth for the first quarter this fiscal have been the trade, hotels, transport and communications sector which grew by 9.5 per cent and construction, which grew by 13.2 per cent. In the corresponding period of last fiscal, these sectors grew by 11.7 per cent and 12.4 per cent, respectively.
• Electricity also grew by 5.4 per cent this first quarter as opposed to 7.4 per cent in the same period last year. The overall growth in this sector was fuelled by growth in July and August. The services sector also grew by 10.6 per cent in the first quarter of ’06-07. It was only 9.8 per cent last year in the same period.
• There has been exceptional growth rate in some specific industries, like commercial vehicles at 36 per cent, telephone connections, by 48.9 per cent and passenger growth in civil aviation by 32.2 per cent.
• India has more billionaires than China. This year there were 15 billionaires in China but last year in India, there were 20 billionaires, according to the Forbes magazine.
• India has emerged as the world's fastest growing wealth creator, thanks to a buoyant stock market and higher earnings.
• A number of Indian companies surpassed last year's net profit in just six months of the current fiscal, reflecting an accelerated growth in corporate earnings.
• Forty-four per cent of Top 100 Fortune 500 companies are present in India.
With its manufacturing and services sector on a searing growth path, India’s economy may soon touch the coveted 10 per cent growth figure.
Indian culture is rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way. Our manners, way of communicating with one another, etc are one of the important components of our culture. Even though we have accepted modern means of living, improved our lifestyle, our values and beliefs still remain unchanged. A person can change his way of clothing, way of eating and living but the rich values in a person always remains unchanged because they are deeply rooted within our hearts, mind, body and soul which we receive from our culture.
Indian culture treats guests as god and serves them and takes care of them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. Even though we don’t have anything to eat, the guests are never left hungry and are always looked after by the members of the family. Elders and the respect for elders is a major component in Indian culture. Elders are the driving force for any family and hence the love and respect for elders comes from within and is not artificial. An individual takes blessings from his elders by touching their feet. Elders drill and pass on the Indian culture within us as we grow.“Respect one another” is another lesson that is taught from the books of Indian culture. All people are alike and respecting one another is ones duty. In foreign countries the relation between the boss and the employee is like a master and slave and is purely monetary whereas in Indian culture the relation between the boss and the employee is more like homely relations unlike foreign countries.
Helpful nature is another striking feature in our Indian culture. Right from our early days of childhood we are taught to help one another in need of help and distress. If not monetary then at least in kind or non-monetary ways.
Indian culture tells us to multiply and distribute joy and happiness and share sadness and pain. It tells us that by all this we can develop co-operation and better living amongst ourselves and subsequently make this world a better place to live in.
Even though India is a country of various religions and caste our culture tells us just one thing 'phir bhi dil hai hidustani '.
Cradling civilisations since times immemorial Delhi goes back hundreds of thousands of years back into time
Stone tools belonging to
early stone age were discovered from the Aravalli tracts in and around
Anangpur, the Jawaharlal Nehru University Campus, the northern ridge and
elsewhere - evidence that the Early Man lived here.
While some construction activities
did continue during the reign of Akbar (1556-1605) and Jehangir (1605-27),
it was Shah Jehan (1628-58) who built the seventh city, Shahjahanabad which
remained the Mughal capital until 1857.
The British in 1911 shifted
the capital of India to Delhi. The eighth city of New Delhi took shape
in the imperial style of architecture. From then to now Delhi continues
to throb with vitality and hop
The ruins and ramparts still
stand tall in dignity - and amidst them rise modern buildings and giant
skyscrapers. It's a breathtaking synthesis of yesterday and tomorrow, the
holding on to the past and surging ahead to the furture.
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