Gaumukh
Gangotri
Tehri and Uttar Kanshi
Devprayag
Rishikesh
Haridwar
Garhmukteshwar
Bithoor
Kanpur
Allahabad -Trivani
Varanasi - Banarase
Patna - Gaya
Murshidabad
Mayapur
Calcutta
Ganga Sagar

Introduction  Maa Ganga

Introduction  Maa Ganga
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Introduction  Maa Ganga

Ganga its origin at the source Gaumukh (the shape of the ice forming like a cow's mouth), gushing from the depths of Gangotri glacier. The Glacier is high and mighty at a height of4255 m above sea level and is approx 24 km in length and 7-8 km in width. It is known as Bhagirathi after King ĖBhagirath in itís initial phase of long journey. It emerges in the ice caves of Gangotri glacier and gushes down to join river 'Alaknanda' and becomes Ganga. The ancient holy scriptures are full of legends associated with river Ganga.

Father to 60,000 sons King Sagar defeated all the asuras (daemons) on the earth and planned to accomplish  Ashwamedha Yagya to reinforce his supremacy. As was customary and prevalent in ancient times, he sent his horse across the earth accompanied by his sons toGods for their blessings. Frightened and insecure, The King of Heaven, 

Lord Indra stole the horse and tied it to the ashram of Sage Kapil. Extremely livid and enraged seeing the horse in Chapelís ashram, 60,000 sons attacked the sageís hermitage. Sage Kapilís deep meditation was broken and as he opened his eyes fuming in anger, the 60,000 sons of King Sagar were burnt to ashes, excluding the prince Asamanjas. Then Anshuman the grandson of King Sagar went to bring the horse back from the Sage and plead for his forgiveness. At that point sage Kapil suggested that the bringing back sons to life can happen only if Ganga is brought from heaven to earth. Neither Anshuman nor his son Dilip were could accomplish this feat.  But Dilip's son, Bhagirath was resolute in his objective to get this mission accomplished. After intense meditation for several years he was able to please Ganga to descend to the earth. But to prevent the earth from flooding, Lord Shiva tied Ganga on his knotted locks.
Only after years of worshipping by King Bhagirath; Lord Shiva blessed him and released seven streams Ganga from his locks.  Gangaís pure water reached and just as an elixir could achieve, it touched the Ashes of King Sagarís son liberating them from death and sending them to heaven. The streams or distributaries Bhagirathi, Janhvi, Bhilangana, Mandakini, Rishiganga, Saraswati and Alaknanda amalgamate at Devprayag to form Ganga. 
Bhagirath Shila, the rock on which King Bhagirath is supposed to have meditated, is located near the temple of Ganga. Even today it is widely believed that water of holy Ganga is believed to have Elixir (nectar) in it. Even scientists have concluded after research that the water from Ganga at its origin is in a pure state and remains uncontaminated even after being kept for several years on end. Secretions of herbs and mineral content from the Glacier which mix with the water, give Ganga Jal the medicinal properties which it is known for. 
 
Other Rivers
  • Bhagirathi
  • Dhauli Ganga
  • Girthi Ganga
  • Rishi Ganga
  • Bal Ganga
  • Bhilangna River
  • Tons River
  • Alaknanda 
  • Mandakini 
  • Pindar 

  • Nandakini 
    Five Prayags
    Vishnuprayag - Alaknanda meets Dhauli ganga
    Nandprayag - Alaknanda meets Nandakini
    Karnaprayag - Alaknanda meets Pindar
    Rudraprayag - Alaknanda meets Mandakini
    Devprayag - Alaknanda meets Bhagirathi 

    Glaciers
    Pindari 
    The Glacier Pindari is surrounded by many a lofty peaks and daunting heights at Nanda Khat. Even though it is at a height of 3353m, accessing it is not difficult at all.
    This glacier is near the Nanda Khat and other lofty peaks. The glacier is next to a lush expansive open meadow and lofty moraine made of gravel, mud and blocks of snow. If youíre planning to reach the Glacier, trekking is the way.
    From Kapkote, the last bus terminus, the trekking route is meanders through waterfalls, pine forests, meadows and with simply awe inspiring views of pristine nature and peaks.

    Gangotri 
    The gangotri glacier is even higher at a height of 4255m. Starting from Chaukhamba cluster of snow peaks near Badrinath and extends to Gaumukh 

    Khatling
    This glacier is positioned to be on sideways, and gushes out river Bhilangana from the center.  The myth has it that a beautiful Bhil damsel attempted to seduce and win over the love of the meditating Shiva; and having been rebuffed by Him, she was reduced into liquid form, which in turn became the river Bhilangana. The other snow peaks in the vicinity of the glacier are the Jogin,  Prishtwan, Kirti stambh, Barte kanta, Meru etc. Made of white quartz, the prishtwan glimmers like a crystal of white snow. The amazing trek of Khatling glacier beginning from ghuttu, the last bus terminus, is interspersed with dense green forest and enchanting meadows, excellent spots for camping, alluring waterfalls and streams.
     

    Recent Pollution 
    As the Ganges begins it long journey across India; it collects large chunks of human pollutants from the populous regions and carries it forward. Entire states and regions which fall on the riverís flow downstream face the perils of exposure to these potentially hazardous accumulations.  Countless remedial proposals to cleanse or reduce this hazard have been made but there seems to be no progress. The Ganga is a very crucial economic waterway and polluting it remains economically beneficial 
    Leather industries, near Kanpur, which use and release large amounts of chromium and other chemicals into the river, remain the major polluting industries on the Ganges River. But for many this economic resurgence is seen as an eco-environmental dumping on the third world, and with sloppy laws and policies on the behalf of the Uttar Pradesh Govt. there seems to be no imminent solution in the sight. The world bank report 1992, which elaborates on the environmental issues, points out the presence of dissolved-oxygen and decomposing material at two points on the Ganga. 

    However, industry is not solely responsible for the scale of pollution. Another noteworthy and major source of pollution continues to be sheer volume of untreated raw sewage and waste estimated at nearly 1 billion litres per day. Inadequate cremation procedures also add to the magnitude with of the problem with a large no. of partially burnt or un-burnt corpses finding their way down the Ganga, in addition to livestock carcass. 

    The Ganga Action Plan is an initiative by the Indian Government, and attempts to build a number of waste treatment plants, under Dutch and British support, in collaboration with a number of NGOís and voluntary organizations. Much to everyoneís surprise, the Hindu political parties in India are very inactive in the efforts to clean up the Ganga, as they would rather neglect and ignore issues which donít feature in their general religious agenda. After having spent over $33 million to deal with the overwhelming sewage problem India's government has spent, the scale and scope of pollution goes unabated with further increase in population and industry. Nevertheless there was a ray of hope as of 2006, with satellite images showing increased water clarity in the river.Page copy protected against web site content infringement by CopyscapeAll rights reserved. 

    Introduction  Maa Ganga
    Gaumukh
    Gangotri
    Tehri and Uttar Kanshi
    Devprayag
    Rishikesh
    Haridwar
    Garhmukteshwar
    Bithoor
    Kanpur
    Allahabad -Trivani
    Varanasi - Banarase
    Patna - Gaya
    Murshidabad
    Mayapur
    Calcutta
    Ganga Sagar
    Origin                                Gaumukh
    Mouth                                Bay of Bengal
    Basin countries                India, Bangladesh
    Length                               2,510 km (1,560 mi)
    Source elevation             7,756 m
    Avg. discharge                14,270 m³/s (275,496 ft³/s)
    Watershed area              907,000 km² (354,300 mi²)
    Accessibility 
    Airport
    Jolly Grant, Dehradun 226 kms. 
    Railhead
    Rishikesh, 249 kms. 
    Road
    Well connected to Rishikesh, Haridwar, Dehradun and Delhi
    Home
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    Complete Virtual Tour
    Himalaya
    Gaumukh
    Gangotri
    Tehri and Uttar Kanshi
    Devprayag
    Rishikesh
    Haridwar
    Garhmukteshwar
    Bithoor
    Kanpur
    Allahabad -Trivani
    Varanasi - Banarase
    Patna - Gaya
    Murshidabad
    Mayapur
    Calcutta
    Ganga Sagar
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