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Allahabad Trivan
Allahabad is a historian's paradise. History lies embedded everywhere, in its fields, forests and settlements. Forty-eight kilometres, towards the southwest, on the placid banks of the Jamuna, the ruins of Kaushambi, capital of the Vatsa kingdom and a thriving center of Buddhism, bear silent testimony to a forgotten and bygone era. On the eastern side, across the river Ganga and connected to the city by the Shastri Bridge is Jhusi, identified with the ancient city of Pratisthanpur, capital of the Chandra dynasty. About 58 kilometres northwest is the medieval site of Kara with its impressive wreckage of Jayachand's fort. Sringverpur, another ancient site discovered relatively recently, has become a major attraction for tourists and antiquarians alike.
Allahabad Trivan
Allahabad is an extremely important and integral part of the Ganga Yamuna Doab, and its history is inherently tied with that of the Doab region, right from the inception of the town.
The city was known earlier as Pray?ga - a name that is still commonly used. 
Allahabad Trivan
When the Aryans first settled in what they termed the Aryavarta, or Madhydesha, Prayag or Kaushambi was an important part of their territory. The Vatsa (a branch of the early Indo-Aryans) were rulers of Hastinapur, and they established the town of Kaushambi near present day Allahabad. They shifted their capital to Kaushambi when Hastinapur was destroyed by floods.
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Allahabad Trivan
In the times of the Ramayana, Allahabad was made up of a few rishis' huts at the confluence of the rivers, and much of what is now central/ southern Uttar Pradesh was continuous jungle. Lord Rama, the main protagonist in the Ramayana, spent some time here, at the Ashram of Sage Bharadwaj, before proceeding to nearby Chitrakoot.
Allahabad Trivan
The Doaba region, including Allahabad was controlled by several empires and dynasties in the ages to come. It became a part of the Mauryan and Gupta empires of the east and the Kushan empire of the west before becoming part of the local Kannauj empire which became very powerful
In the beginning of the Muslim rule, Allahabad was a part of the Delhi Sultanate. Then the Mughals took over from the slave rulers of Delhi and under them Allahabad rose to prominence once again
Allahabad Trivan
Acknowledging the strategic position of Allahabad in the Doaba or the "Hindostan" region at the confluence of its defining rivers which had immense navigational potentials, Akbar built a magnificent fort on the banks of the holy Sangam and re-christened the town as Illahabad in 1575. The Akbar fort has an Ashokan pillar and some temples, and is largely a military barracks. On the southwestern extremity of Allahabad lies Khusrobagh that antedates the fort and has three mausoleums, including that of Jehangir's first wife Shah Begum. Before colonial rule was imposed over Allahabad, the city was rocked by Maratha incursions. But the Marathas also left behind two beautiful eighteenth century temples with intricate architecture.
Allahabad Trivan
In 1765, the combined forces of the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal emperor Shah Alam lost the war of Buxar to the British. Although, the British did not take over their states, they established a garrison at the Allahabad fort. Governor General Warren Hastings later took Allahabad from Shah Alam and gave it to Awadh alleging that he had placed himself in the power of the Marathas.
Allahabad Trivan
In 1801 the Nawab of Awadh ceded the city to the British East India Company. Gradually the other parts of Doaba and adjoining region in its west (including Delhi and Ajmer-Mewara regions) were won by the British. When these north western areas were made into a new Presidency called the "North Western Provinces of Agra", its capital was Agra. Allahabad remained an important part of this state.

In 1834, Allahabad became the seat of the Government of the Agra Province and a High Court was established. But a year later both were relocated to Agra.

In 1857, Allahabad was active in the Indian Mutiny. After the mutiny, the British truncated the Delhi region of the state, merging it with Punjab and transferred the capital of North west Provinces to Allahabad, which remained so for the next 20 years.

In 1877 the two provinces of Agra (NWPA) and Awadh were merged to form a new state which was called the United Provinces. Allahabad was the capital of this new state till the 1920s. 

Allahabad Trivan
Allahabad City has a population of 1,050,000 as per the 2001 census with about 580,000 males and 470,000 females. It lists as the 32nd most populous city in India. Allahabad has an area of about 65 km² and is 98 m above sea level. Languages spoken in and around Allahabad include Hindi, English, Urdu, and some Bengali, and Punjabi. There is also a small population of Kashmiris in the city. The dialect of Hindi spoken in Allahabad is Awadhi, although khari boli is most commonly used in the city area. All major religions are practised in Allahabad. 
Allahabad Trivan
Allahabad experiences all four seasons. The summer season is from April to June with the maximum temperatures ranging between 40 to 45 °C. Monsoon begins in early July and lasts till September. The winter season falls in the months of December, January and February. Temperatures in the cold weather could drop to freezing with maximum at almost 12 to 14 °C. Allahabad also witnesses severe fog in January resulting in massive traffic and travel delays. It does not snow in Allahabad.
Lowest temperature recorded ?2 °C; highest, 48 °C. 
Allahabad Trivan
Kumbha and Magh Mela
The word 'Mela' is fair in Hindi. Except in the years of the Kumbha Mela and the Ardha Kumbha Mela (Ardha is half in Hindi, hence the Ardha Kumbha Mela is held every 6th year), the Magh Mela takes place every year in the month of Magh (Jan - Feb) of the Hindu calendar. Kumbh Mela (the Urn Festival) occurs four times every twelve years and rotates between four locations: Prayag (Allahabad), Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.
Allahabad Trivan
In Allahabad, these religious fairs take place at the Sangam (confluence) of the Yamuna and the Ganges River which is holy in Hinduism. In the Kumbha Mela of 2001, which was called the Maha (great) Kumbha Mela because of an alignment of the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter that occurred only every 144 years, almost 75 million people visited the banks of the river to take part in the festivals. During the Melas, an entire township is built on the river's banks, with functioning hospitals, fire stations, police stations, restaurants and other facilities
Allahabad Trivan
Air
Allahabad is served by the Bamrauli airport (IXD) and is linked to Delhi and Kolkata by Air Sahara. Other airports in the vicinity are Varanasi (147 km) and Lucknow (210 km).

Road
National Highway 2 runs through the center of the city. Allahabad is located in between Delhi and Kolkata on this highway. Another highway that links Allahabad is National Highway 27 that is 93 km long and starts at Allahabad and ends at Mangawan in Madhya Pradesh connecting to National Highway 7. There are other highways that link Allahabad to all parts of the country. Allahabad also has three bus stations catering to different routes - at Zero Road, Leader Road and Civil Lines.

Tourist taxis, auto-rickshaws and tempos are available for local transport. There is also a local bus service that connects various parts of the city. But the most covenient method of local transport is the cycle rickshaw. Rates are not fixed and one needs to bargain.

Train
Served by Indian Railway. Allahabad is the headquarters of the North Central Railways Zone, and is well connected by trains with all major cities, namely, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow and Jaipur. Allahabad has four railway stations - Prayag Station, City Station (Rambagh), Daraganj Station and Allahabad Junction (the main station). 

Allahabad Trivan
Places of interest
Allahabad Fort 
Ananda Bhavan 
Allahabad Planetarium 
Allahabad Museum
Yamuna Bank Road 
Sangam 
Allahabad University 
Patthar Girja (Church) 
Company Garden 
Minto Park 
Khusro bagh 
Allahabad weather
Kumbh    Experience the divine ......

                Perhaps there are very few places parallel to Allahabad whih is described with great reverence in ancient scriptures as Prayag - Prayagraj or Teerthraj, i.e. 'the holiest pilgrimage centre'. Then, with the added attraction of Kumbh Mela, Hailed as the world's largest congregation of devotees, its glory has doubled.
Allahabad Trivan
                How long have you desired to go be part of momentus event ? The month long (Jan-Feb). Kumbh Mela of Allahabad is such a great event where u can realize this dream. Legend traces the origin of this unique congregation from the time immortal.It is held after every twelve years on the banks of the 'SANGAM' which is the confluence of the holy river ganga, Yamuna and mythival saraswati.

Kumbh Mela's history originate from the beginning of the creation. Mythology has it that the Gods and the Demons once churned the oceans in the search of the nectar Amrit of immortality. As soon as the pitcher containing nectar was retrieved, a struggle started between the two wrest control of the same. During this, the picher of amrit was kept at four different places Prayag  (Allahabad) Haridwar, nasik and ujjain making them hallowed and sacred. since then, when planets come in a perticular position, Kumbh Mela is celebrated at these four places. when jupiter is in Taurus and Sun is in the Capricon in the month of Magh, Kumbh Mela is held at Allahabad after every twelve years. In this series Ardh kumbh Mela is also held in the 6th year after Kumbh mela wheread Magh Mela (Mini Kumbh) is held annually on the banks of the Sangam.
Allahabad Trivan
                The astrologers believe that such planatory position is   the most auspecious occasion for spiritual realism which obviosly doubles the importance of the Sangam. The Mela is actually, a 'bathing ritual', is a unique event that blends religious and ocial feature alike. The main Kumbh parva  (bathing) is the day of Mauni Amavasya,while other important bathing days are paush Poornima, Makar Sankranti, Vasant panchami Maghi poornima and Maha Shivratri. Living on the banks of sangam and conducting traditional rites there for the intire mela duration., known as the Kalpavasa, holds a special religious significance.

Allahabad Trivan
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