The district got its present
name in the early eighteenth century and its present shape in the latter
half of the eighteenth century, the earliest evidences of history in the
district date back to the pre-historic days perhaps as early as circa 1500
The capital city of Sasanka,
the great king of Gouda (comprising the most of Bengal) in the seventh
century AD and perhaps that of Mahipala, one of the later Pala kings of
Bengal, were in this district too. The Nawab Murshid Quli Khan made Murshidabad
the capital city of Sube Bangla, comprising of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
The East India Company reigned from here for many years after the Battle
of Plassey; Travellers extolled its glory through ages.
Here thrived the cultures
of many races and of religions like Buddhism, Brahmanism, Vaishnavism,
Jainism, Islam and Christianity. Here settled the European traders like
the Dutch, the British, the French and the Armenians